20. MILITARY SWORD French (?), 1730
Hilt of russet steel enriched with flat gold damascene and tooling showing floral scrolls, plants, and trophies; has neither pas d'âne nor ricasso. Knuckle guard and quillon so close to guard as to preclude Italian grip. Knuckle guard double, one side fixed in the usual position, the other hinged to open at right angles upon touching a spring. In this position it becomes locked. Grip of two strands of heavy silvered twisted wire and three of light. Pommel flattened.
Blade three-edged, the left side nearly flat.
26.145.332 L. 97 (80) Wt. 571
Plate XIV Reubell Benefaction
21. DRESS SWORD OR HANGER English, 1690
Hilt in form similar to that of No. 26, but with loop guard only. Hilt of russet steel carved in spiral design, relieved by foliation, and damascened with small gold rosettes. Grip of silver wire, alternately two large and three fine strands twisted oppositely.
Blade bears at base PARIS in raised letters. Scabbard of russet leather without foundation; mountings en suite with hilt. On back inscription in fine dotting, originally gilded: BECKETT (?) ST. JAMES.
14.25.1206 L. 88 (73) Wt. 526.5
Plate XV Riggs Benefaction
This and the following type may be described as "in the Italian manner." They date roundly 1680-1740.
22. DRESS SWORD Italian (?), 1690-1700 Similar to Nos. 1 and 25.
Hilt steel, blackened, carved in high relief in mascarons and floral scrolls. Ricasso develops dolphins' heads at sides as in No. 1. Profile mascaron at center of knuckle guard; dolphin-head finial. Grip bound with oxidized silver wire: (a) two opposed strands heavy twisted wire, (b) fine braided wire, (c) six strands fine twisted wire, (d) fine smooth wire, (e) medium twisted wire, (f) same as (d), (g) same as (c), (h) same as (b). Pommel globose.
Blade double-edged, with median flattening, inscribed at base: PRO GLORIA ET PATRIA.
26.145.269 L. 102.5 (85) Wt. 743
Plate XVI Reubell Benefaction
23. DRESS SWORD Italian, 1700
Hilt similar to that of No.24 except guard, which is slightly smaller, and grip of copper wire: (a) large twisted wire, (b) oppositely twisted smaller wire, (c) (e) smaller steel wire, (d) oppositely twisted wire larger than (c) (e) but smaller than (b).
Blade three-edged, broad at base, with deep groove on left and small irregular design inlaid in brass (armorer's mark).
14.25.1212 L. 94 (77) Wt. 556
Plate XVII Riggs Benefaction
This and the following sword may be described as "in the Neapolitan-Spanish manner." They date roundly 1680-1720. Their perforated ornament suggests the cup-hilted rapier and main gauche of 1610-1650.
Blade double-edged, with median groove at forte inscribed: left, IESUS, right, MARIA, between floral ornaments.
26.145.272 L. 101 (82.5) Wt. 818
Plate XVIII Reubell Benefaction
25. DRESS SWORD Italian, 1725
Hilt of blackened steel richly sculptured ajouré; design includes trophies of arms, portrait medallions, acanthus leaves, arms of octopus, dragon heads (as in No. 1). Grip ajouré en suite and in spiral foliation.
Blade double-edged, grooved entire length; perforated by grooves in forte region and inscribed: right, IVAN MARTINEZ, left, IN TOLEDO.
26.145.273 L. 110.5 (92.5) Wt. 812
Note: Hilts of present type are known also from Strasbourg, Spain, and Bohemia
Plate XIX Reubell Benefaction