This and the following fourteen swords may be described as "in the French manner, Louis XVI."
86. COURT SWORD French, 1780
Hilt steel carved in low relief with equestrian and unmounted figures, scrolls, lion masks and foliage, and architectural details against stippled gold background. On each of the four areas of guard, cavalryman as large central figure, balanced by a few appropriate details - tents, panoplies, trees, cannon, ammunition; the horsemen are cuirassiers, a classical figure, a pandour with shield. Pas d'âne non-functional. Quillon as lion's head. On knuckle guard, left, drummer; right, amorino playing soldier. The surface of the olive- shaped pommel shows on each face a single large cavalryman. Rectangular grip of silver wire: (a) two strands oppositely twisted large wire, (b) nine strands twisted fine wire.
Blade three-edged, plain, highly polished. Scabbard of polished black leather without foundation; double ring suspension; ferrules en suite.
26.145.290 L. 97 (80.5) Wt. 323
Plate LXIV Reubell Benefaction
87. COURT SWORD French, 1780
Similar to No. 89. Hilt silver, formerly gilt, chiseled in low relief with military figures, mainly equestrian, in medallions surrounded by trophies, scrolls, leaves, and flowers, all against stippled background. Non-functional pas d'âne, carved with conventional laurel leaf and berry motif, as also quillons and knuckle guard. Grip rectangular, of silver wire and tinsel: (a) large strand of wire wound with wire-wound wire, (b) small wire-wound wire, (c) small twisted wire, (d) slightly convex tinsel, (e) same as (c), (f) same as (b). Three hail marks: poinçon of Henri Clavel (1780-1789); probably date stamp for 1783; maker's mark unidentified. On left of knuckle guard at junction with pommel recense mark decree of 1803 (1809-19); also on posterior base of ricasso.
Blade three-edged, plain. Scabbard of white shagreen over wood; double ring suspension; metal mountings en suite; on upper ferrule recense stamp as on hilt; on reverse (left): LIGER RUE COQUILLE. Chape missing.
26.145.323 L. 101 (84.5) Wt. 380.5
Plate LXV Reubell Benefaction
88. COURT SWORD French, 1780
Hilt similar to that of No. 89, except that steel is not blued. On guard and pommel medallions with ribbon bows, scrolls, nail-heads, buildings. On guard and pommel in medallions mounted warriors, sculptured spiritedly. On ricasso, left, drummer; right, soldier with pipe. Nonfunctional pas d'âne which, with quillon and knuckle guard, has nail-head ornament. At middle of knuckle guard trophy, on left, with shield bearing head of Christ (?); right, bearing classical helmet; from both depend small Maltese crosses. Grip of silver wire, tinsel, and cut steel: (a) small twisted wire, (b) twisted wire-wound wire, (c) string of cut steel beads, (d) same as (b), (e) two strands similar to (a), (f) flat tinsel strip.
Blade three-edged; at base gilded and etched, left, with inscription in cartouche: LIGER FOURBISSEUR DE s: ALT. MSGR. LE DUC DE CHARTRE ET COMTE DE CLERMONT, RUE COQUILLIERE A PARIS; right, in cartouche of trellis work trophy in medallion; above this, forte blued over etching of trophy and scrolls.
Scabbard of white shagreen over wood; double ring suspension; fittings en suite with mounted warrior in medallion, blank shields, flowers, and floral scrolls.
26.145.291 L. 96 (80) Wt. 371
Plate LXVI Reubell Benefaction
89. COURT SWORD French, 1780
Similar to No.86. Hilt of blued steel carved in low relief against stippled gold background. On guard and pommel medallions depend from lion masks; nearby are trophies, scrolls, and flowers. At various points appear equestrian and unmounted military figures in medallions, minarets, ship, bird, tents, foliage, knots, and festoons. Non-functional pas d'âne. Observe high quality of gold background stippling ("fish-roe"), and note that stipple of background of medallions is much the finer. Square grip of silver wire and tinsel: (a) large strand coiled wire-wound wire, (b) small wire-wound wire, (c) small twisted wire, (d) narrow concave tinsel strip with rolled edges, (e) (f) as in (c) and (b) respectively.
Blade three-edged; at base gilded and etched: left, cartouche with "soleil" against hatched and scrolled background; right, trophy, also in cartouche, against hatched background; above this, blade ornamented almost to point by alternate blued and gilded parallel longitudinal stripes. Scabbard of white shagreen over wood; double ring suspension; fittings en suite; on upper ferrule medallion containing trophy pendent from bow-knot; surrounding it branches of laurel and palm; on reverse (left), on blued shield, punched inscription: PICHON, RUE ST. HONORE A PARIS; on second ferrule similar medallion, but containing a rose, on reverse scrolls. Lower end of scabbard and chape missing.
26.145.292 L. 101 (85) Wt. 362
Plate LXVII Reubell Benefaction
90. COURT SWORD French, 1785
Hilt similar to that of No. 88 except that, aside from medallions, the decoration consists entirely of scrolls, leaves, and irregular gold panels, raised and chased in diaper pattern. The medallions include trophies, fleurs-de-lis, interlinked L's, head of king. Pas d'âne non-functional. Grip rectangular in section, bound with silver wire: (a) two oppositely twisted strands large wire, (b) twisted small wire, (c) six strands plain small wire, (d) as in (b).
Blade three-edged; at base etched inscription gilded: VIVE LOUIS LE XVI; trophy of flags against hatched background; above this, forte blued and gilded over etched fleurs-de-lis, trophy, and scrolls. Scabbard white shagreen over wood; double ring suspension; fittings en suite, lower end of scabbard and chape missing.
26.145.288 L. 97 (80) Wt. 359
Plate LXVIII Reubell Benefaction
91. COURT SWORD French, 1785
Similar to foregoing except that all medallions enclose trophies. Pas d'âne nearly large enough to be functional. Grip rectangular, of silver wire and tinsel: (a) twisted wire-wound wire, (b) braided fine wire, (c) concave tinsel, oxidized silver with tiny gold rosettes, (d) same as (b), (e) same as (a), (f) fine twisted wire, (g) concave tinsel of silver-gilt with rolled edges, (h) same as (f).
26.145.289 L. 95.5 (78) Wt. 296
Plate LXIX Reubell Benefaction